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BBC新闻:安理会讨论朝鲜火箭发射事件

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发表于 2009-4-9 11:44 |显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式
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BBC News with Ian Perdon

The United Nation Security Council is holding an emergency session to discuss the launch by North Korea of a powerful rocket. There are sharp differences between some of the Security Council’s permanent members over how best to respond to the development. Laura Trevelyan reports from New York.

Japan called for this emergency session, saying even if North Korea only launched a satellite, it’s still in violation of a UN Security Council resolution stopping the country from carrying out ballistic missile tests. That’s the view of the US and key European powers, too. But China, North Korea’s long-time ally and a permanent member of the council, with the power to block decisions has reacted more cautiously, calling for calm and restraint. Russia has warned against actions which could escalate tensions.

After years of blaming Britain and the United States for its problems, President Robert Mugabe’s party in Zimbabwe has agreed to work towards restoring ties with the western countries. The Justice Minister Patrick Chinamasa, who is from President Mugabe’s party, said the government wanted to turn a new page.

“We have committed ourselves to normalizing relations between Zimbabwe and those countries which disengaged the relationship. So we have now said that we are going to re-engage them. A core team of ministers has been set up to spearhead the re-engagement.”

The move is part of a program adopted during a three-day meeting between the ministers of the new coalition government who had until recently been bitter rivals. The program also aims to rebuild the economy, end restrictions on the international media, and restore human rights.

President Barack Obama has called for a world free from the fear of nuclear weapons and said the United States would lead by cutting its own nuclear arsenal. Mr. Obama also gave his support to Turkey’s efforts to join the European Union during an address to EU leaders in Prague. Sarah Rainsford reports from the Turkish capital Ankara where Mr. Obama has now arrived.

Turkey is already feeling somewhat better about America. The fact Barack Obama has chosen to visit so early in his presidency has been welcomed as a sign the US wants to re-engage Turkey, a reflection perhaps of Ankara's increasingly active role in this region on issues that are the heart of American foreign policy, too. Most Turks also approved that President Obama is going out of his way to underline their country’s European identity.

Switzerland’s biggest bank UBS has banned company managers who deal with foreign clients from traveling abroad. UBS has been investigated by the authorities in the United States over alleged fraud and tax evasion involving American citizens. But UBS has denied that the travel ban was put in place specifically to protect its senior staff from the American authorities. US officials have accused UBS staff of helping American clients hide money in offshore accounts.

World News from the BBC

Police in Dubai have accused a senior politician from Chechnya of masterminding the murder of an exiled former Chechen military commander in the Gulf state. The police said that they will issue an international arrest warrant for Adam Delimkhanov, a close ally of the Kremlin-backed Chechen president. In Moscow, Mr. Delimkhanov denied any involvement. The announcement in Dubai came as police said they’d arrested two men in connection with the killing of Sulim Yamadayev, the 5th senior Chechen to be killed abroad in the past 6 months. Nicholas Walton reports.

During the first Chechen war of the mid-1990s, Sulim Yamadayev fought against Russians for the independence of Chechnya. But during the second Chechen War, he switched sides, commanding a unit connected to Russian military intelligence. As peace was established in Chechnya, Mr. Yamadayev became a rival to the Kremlin-backed Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov. By 2008, the rivalry had turned violent. The Russian media reports that Sulim Yamadayev fled Moscow following the killing of his brother and had taken refuge in Dubai.

Now back to our main story, and within the last few minutes, the United Nations Security Council has ended its emergency meeting without deciding on any action in response to North Korea’s launch of a powerful rocket. Discussions are to continue.

Two foreign aid workers have been kidnapped by gunmen in Darfur. Sudanese state media said the kidnappers were demanding a ransom for their release. The aid workers have been identified as a Canadian and a French national. The French Foreign Ministry said its embassy in Khartoum was in contact with their agency Aide Médicale Intemationale and the local authorities. The aid group has been operating in Darfur since 2004. Sudan expelled 13 international agencies after an international arrest warrant against President al-Bashir last month for alleged war crimes.

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发表于 2009-4-9 11:45 |显示全部楼层
联合国安理会正举行紧急会议,讨论朝鲜发射高强度火箭一事。在如何妥善应对问题上,安理会常任理事国成员之间存在巨大的意见分歧。

日本呼吁召开此次紧急会议,声称尽管朝鲜只是发射了一颗卫星,但还是违反了联合国安理会禁止该国进行弹道飞弹测试的规定。美国和主要的欧洲大国也持此观点。但是作为朝鲜长期以来的盟友和安理会常任理事国成员、并有权力阻止安理会决议的中国,对此持谨慎态度,呼吁各方冷静克制。俄罗斯呼吁不要采取会导致局势升级的行动。

针对其存在的问题,津巴布韦总统穆加贝领导的政党已对英美两国指责多年,然而最近,该政党决定与西方国家恢复关系。总统穆加贝政党的成员、司法部长 Patrick Chinamasa说政府希望开始新的一页。

“我们在努力使津巴布韦和那些背弃这种关系的国家重修于好。所以我们现在说,我们是在和他们“和好”。该党已组建一支由部长组成的核心团队充当先锋队,来与西方国家“和好””。

这一举动是为期三天的会议制定的项目的一部分,与会方是新联合政府的部长们,该政府直到最近才遭到严酷竞争的挑战。该项目也力图重建经济,结束对国际媒体的封锁,恢复人权。

巴拉克.奥巴马总统呼吁全世界不要害怕核武器,声称美国将带头削减自身的核工厂。在布拉格对欧洲领导人做的演讲中,奥巴马对土耳其要加入欧盟表示支持。Sarah Rainsford从土耳其安卡拉发回报道,奥巴马现在已经到达安卡拉。

土耳其对美国的好感度增加,奥巴马就职后这么早就前来访问,并受到欢迎,这表明美国希望与土耳其恢复关系,这或许也反映了安卡拉在该地区美国对外政策的核心问题上发挥了越来越多的积极作用。大多数土耳其人都认为奥巴马故意在强调美国的欧洲身份。

瑞士最大的银行UBS禁止同外国委托者交易的公司管理者出国旅行。美国当局正在对UBS进行调查,声称其在涉及美国公民的中犯有欺诈和逃税罪。但是UBS否认旅行禁令是专门为了保护其高级员工免受美国当局的追查。美国官方指控UBS帮助美国客户在离岸帐户上隐藏收入。

迪拜警察机关指控车臣一名高级政治家策划一起谋杀事件,以图在海湾国家杀害车臣一名流亡的前军事司令官。警方声称将对苏利姆.亚马达耶夫发出国际逮捕令,苏利姆.亚马达耶夫是由克里姆宫支持的车臣总统的坚定盟友。在莫斯科,亚马达耶夫否则与此有任何关系。在警方宣布已逮捕两名与杀害亚马达耶夫有关的男子后,迪拜宣布了这一指控,苏利姆.亚马达耶夫是六个月来第五个在国外被杀的车臣高级官员。

在20世纪90年代中期的首次车臣战争中,苏利姆.亚马达耶夫为争取车臣独立与俄罗斯作战。但是在第二次车臣战争中,他转变立场,指挥了一个同俄罗斯军事情报局有关的单位。车臣和平后,亚马达耶夫成了由克里姆林宫支持的车臣总统卡德罗夫的对手。到2008年,敌对状态更加激烈。俄罗斯媒体报道说,兄弟被杀后,苏利姆.亚马达耶夫就从莫斯科潜逃,在迪拜避难。

回到主要的话题上来,在刚过去的几分钟内,联合国安理会结束了紧急会议,对如何应对朝鲜发射的强大火箭没有做出任何决定。讨论还会继续进行。

两名外国援助人员在达尔富尔被手绑架,苏丹国家媒体声称,这些绑匪索要赎金才肯释放。经确认,这两名援助人员一个是加拿大人,一个是法国人。法国外交部声称,法国驻喀土穆大使馆正在同国际医疗援助和地方当局进行联系。这个援助小组是从2004年开始在达尔富尔工作的。自从上月国际刑事法院以战争罪对总统巴希尔发出国际逮捕令,苏丹已驱逐了13个国际。
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