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雅思托福论证论据素材【持续更新】

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  • TA的每日心情
    郁闷
    2018-11-9 10:30
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:17 |显示全部楼层
    雅思精准核心预测
    Pros and Cons of Tourism





    Pros:

    1. It is regarded as a pillar of key local economic development.
    2. The booming tourist industry has created more job openings. Many people have said good-bye to poverty through involvement in tourist businesses.
    3. The tourist industry has played a positive role in meeting the cultural needs of the public, carrying forward national culture and achieving the sustainable development of resources.
    4. Tourism helps to better introduce the country to foreigners and showcase the brilliant history and culture to the outside world.
    5. Tourism helps to improve the investment environment so as to attract more foreign investors.
    6. Tourists can take pleasure in the magnificent natural landscape, appreciate the superior workmanship of ancient artists and enjoy a variety of local delicacies (specialties). Many tourist attractions offer a wealth of historical relics, fascinating scenery and interesting local culture.
    7. Tourism helps to promote the catering trade, transportation service and commerce .
    8. Tourism is the world’s largest and faster growing industry. According to recent statistics, tourism provides 10 percent of the world’s income and employs almost one-tenth of world’s workforce. By the year 2010, these numbers will double. All considered, tourism’s actual and potential economic impact is astounding.
    9. Tourism encourages the preservation of identify, pride and value in our living conditions and the cultural legacy of generations in danger of extinction.
    10. Tourism contributes to the revival of customs and traditions.
    11. Tourism brings new money into an area and generates jobs, income and tax revenues.

    Cons:

    1. Contact with and assimilation of other cultures will reduce the uniqueness of one’s own culture and make the world less colorful than before.
    2. Undermine local traditions and ways of life.
    3. Tourism may cause serious environmental pollution.
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  • TA的每日心情
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:17 |显示全部楼层

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    Museums and Galleries





    Purposes:
    1. Museum and related heritage institutions provide people with an enhanced awareness of our diverse heritage and our place in the world. They promote understanding and appreciation of our diverse cultures, landscapes, stories and experiences.
    2. Museums contribute to the enrichment of the lives of people.
    3. Guarantee the availability and use of the collections in research and teaching.
    4. Collections and exhibitions reflect the cultural and social diversity.
    5. Museums and galleries make an important contribution to education, scholarship, citizenship , social inclusion and tourism.
    6. Generally promote the public’s enjoyment and understanding of painting and other fine art both by means of the collection and by such other means as they consider appropriate .

    How to Support and Develop the Museum and Gallery:

    1. The government sets up more state funded museums and art school.
    2. Increase education personnel and facilities in museums and galleries, as well as support schools with the cost of visits.
    3. We should actively seek to attract additional sources of funding in order to increase the total pool of money available.
    4. Museums should be taken to raise standards of collection care or management.
    5. The government should refund those museum and galleries which offer free admissions to the public.
    6. Seek the financial support of corporations , non-profit foundations and individuals who share its goal of preserving the cultural legacy of the museums.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:18 |显示全部楼层

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    TV and Films




    Positive Side:

    1. Television is one of the most important forms of entertainment and communication.
    2. Television has the power to educate and to entertain.
    3. There is probably no greater influence on society than the television, which has saturated our lives.
    4. Children watch TV to receive the daily news.
    5. TV plays a big role in a child’s life. It teaches them new words and shows them things they have never seen before.
    6. The TV was brought in to our world to give us a new sense of entertainment, world news and endless amounts of information.
    7. Television can also promote pro-social behavior.
    8. Television can exert its strongest pro-social influence in the area of learning and cognitive development.

    Negative Side:

    1. A child who often indulges in TV doesn’t know the difference between reality and fantasy .
    2. Children have undeveloped minds, which can not conceive the information the same way that adults do.
    3. Given our national television habit, it is no surprise that we are raising the most sedentary and most overweight generation of youngsters in history.
    4. The health consequences of this overabundance of TV viewing include an increase in obesity among kids due to a sedentary lifestyle, and the flip side, an increase in dieting disorders due to the unrealistic expectations set up by thin actors on television shows and commercials.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:18 |显示全部楼层
    Arguments for/against Advertising



    For:
    1. Advertising promotes and popularizes new products and give people everywhere the maximum choice of products and information.
    2. Some advertisements are of high artistic value, original and well-designed with vivid pictures and witty language, artistic photography and witty slogan; therefore they add to the beauty of our lives. They are a par indispensable to modern society.
    3. Advertising brings convenience to people’s lives.
    4. Advertising plays an important role in our economic life and is indispensable to the consumer society.
    5. It is a kind of visual enjoyment to look at some witty works of advertising which add beauty to the cityscape .

    Against:
    1. Some leaflets and handouts are scattered here and there, polluting the environment. They are regarded as rubbish and a blemish on the landscape of the city. They disfigure our cities,
    2. Advertisements are not always truthful, and a product is often misrepresented , false and deceptive . Many advertisements are fictitious , exaggerating, misleading and flying in the face of truth.
    3. Advertisements are an insidious form of brainwashing. Some are mislead and tend to induce people to spend more and create demand for things we do not need.
    4. It is very disturbing that TV programs are interrupted by advertisements, and mailboxes are stuffed with rubbish. Nuisance to TV viewers: constant interruption spoils the viewing. We can do nothing but accept it passively.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:18 |显示全部楼层
    Will Computers Replace Human Teachers?





    1. Computers are cold impersonal devices and they relate to children as though they are machines—without love, care, or feeling.

    2. Children who use computers will learn to communicate with machines instead of people. There is a risk we will create a generation of social illiterates. There is some truth to the stereotypical “computer nerd”.

    3. Teacher-directed learning is underpinned by personal awareness and a focus on students. IT-directed focus is impersonal.

    4. Within a class of 25 children, there may be 25 variables. These variables are understood by teachers but not by computer-generated and controlled programs.

    5. Classroom teachers become aware of student learning difficulties and foibles .

    6. Computers present programs that can not be accommodated. Personalized shifts do not happen.

    7. Computer-generated learning places all students in the group onto the same program, at the same point, progressing them as a collective. Individual differences are not recognized.

    8. Having a teacher in the classroom poses many opportunities for the students to learn life’s basics.

    9. Having physical teachers in the classrooms is advantageous because they can teach personal interaction, reading, and teamwork. And computer cannot teach these things.

    10. There can be confusion between reality and fantasy, between fact and myth
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:18 |显示全部楼层
    University Life



    1.  Time spent at a university is a most worthwhile period in a young person's life. This is a time when a student begins to form his or her ideas about life in general. Attending classes and studying in the library keep a student busy and provide him or her with access to valuable information, adding to his or her knowledge base.

    2.  Campus life can also be rich and colorful. Most universities offer a variety of extracurricular activities such as sports events, contests, and other social gatherings, enabling the students to experience relief fi'om study and homework. Students often form lifelong friendships through the varied experiences of university life.

    3.  During the time a student spends at university, he not only develops his intellectual ahilites,he also develops social skills as well as knowledge and wisdom necessary for choosing a future career. By learning how to balance intense study and recreation, a student will be well prepared for the challenges of future responsibilities.


    Problems Probably Confronting a freshman


    Possible Problems:
    1. Psychological problems such as loneliness , homesickness and inadaptability.
    2. Language problems such as inability to understand the local dialect.
    3. Local foods disagreeable to one’s taste.
    4. Can not adapt to the climate very well.

    Suggested Solutions:
    1. A college orientation session should be held to familiarize the freshmen with the exciting school life.
    2. Some special advisory and consultative committees should be established to meet the psychological needs of the new students.
    3. Seniors students should be called on to offer help to their new younger schoolfellows.
    4. Different kinds of foods and accommodation should be available to students from different places and backgrounds.
    5. Some campus activities involving new and old students’ participation should be organized to familiarize the new with the campus life, such as a welcome party to be held by the school authorities.
    6. Fresh should try to be independent and self-reliant.
    7. Keep regular emotional contacts with one’s family members and former classmates.
    8. Active participation in the campus life is essential to removing loneliness and disorientation.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:19 |显示全部楼层
    Pocket Money



    1. Help the children understand the value of money and how to use the money responsibly.
    2. The money parents give help the children learn to manage money, and they can understand how budgeting, saving and interest work. In this way, they can develop wise spending habits.
    3. It helps raise a money-savvy child.
    4. Cultivate a spirit of independence and learning to make decision on one’s own.
    5. Such goal-setting helps children learn to become responsible for themselves.
    6. Children are willing learners, and you will find by giving pocket money, you can get them very interested in whole process of building a healthy saving for the future.
    7. Young children especially enjoy watching the money build up in their piggy banks, and they love to take it out and count it. This is a great opportunity to teach your child the different denominations in our currency , and what each coin and bill is worth.
    8. It is the beast way to introduce your child to the concept of saving.
    9. Money management is seldom taught in schools; it is up to the parents to educate their children in this very important life skill.
    10. It is a way to help educate children about personal finance and managing money.
    11. Parents don’t have to worry about being constantly asked to buy things for the kids.
    12. Children can learn how and why to save money.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:19 |显示全部楼层
    To Play, or to Compete?



    1. Organized sports activities bring damage rather than benefits to children both physically and psychologically .
    2. Physically, as they are still at the stage of developing bodies, hard exercises and tough playing will be inappropriate for them.
    3. Psychologically, winning and losing—the keynote of adult life --- may mean too heavy a burden for children who should have fun and enjoy the game at that age.
    4. The primary goal of a professional athlete – winning – is not appropriate for children. Their goal should be having fun, learning, and being with friends.
    5. Children will benefit more from those programs emphasizing fitness, self-esteem, cooperation, sportsmanship, and individual performance.
    6. Besides physical hazards and anxieties, competitive sports pose psychological dangers for children.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:19 |显示全部楼层
    Nature or Nurture



    1. Learning is very important in determining who we are.
    2. You can’t change your genes, but you can choose how to live your life.
    3. If we take identical twins, and give one the best environment possible, and put the other one in closet for eighteen years, the differences will be profound , and caused totally by environmental differences between the two children,
    4. Identical twins living in parallel universes do not necessarily lead identical lives.
    5. Environment is more influential.
    6. There is also substantial proof that an individual’s environment affects his mental aptitude .
    7. It is often difficult to separate learning from our biology because we begin learning at the moment we are born.
    8. Biology certainly determines part of what we are, but we start learning as soon as we are conceived.
    9. We hardly separate biologically determined behavior from learned behavior.
    10. Socialization is learning. Socialization refers to all learning regardless of setting or age of the individual.
    11. A person’s entire environment seems to be more effectual in determining his mental ability than heredity is.
    12. Experiments such as these ones prove that a person’s environment can have a crucial effect on him and on his manner of thinking.
    13. A study done in Great Britain in the late 1980s shows that nutrition plays a very large role in a person’s development.
    14. Starving people across the globe show why lack of nutrients in human bodies can stunt mental evolutions as well as physical growth.
    15. Unique environmental factors (unique to children reared together) cause differences in behavior.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:19 |显示全部楼层
    How to Manage Stress



    The Present Situation and Its Effects:

    1. Stress is your reaction to something you consider a challenge or a threat. Stress is a natural part of life. Modern people are stressed out or under too much stress.
    2. Stress is a natural part of life.
    3. Stress is hard to define because it means different things to different people; however, it is clear that most stress is a negative feeling rather than a positive feeling.
    4. Despite the highly developed material life, modern people are leading an unprecedented stressful life.
    5. Some stressors are so powerful that they would evoke significant emotional distress in most mentally healthy people, and trigger mental disorders.

    Causes:

    1. You may feel physical stress which is the result of too much to do, not enough sleep, a poor diet or the effects of an illness.
    2. Nowadays the social competition is becoming fiercer and everyone wants to cope with adversity and to flourish in their education, vocation, and personal relationships.


    Solutions:


    1. If your stress is chronic , it may require more attention and lifestyle changes.
    2. Exercise. Regular exercise is a popular way to relieve stress. Twenty to thirty minutes of physical activity benefits both the body and the mind.
    3. Hobbies. Take a break from your worries by doing something you enjoy. Whether it is gardening or painting, schedule time to indulge your interest.
    4. Healthy lifestyle. Good nutrition makes a difference. Limit intake of caffeine and alcohol, get adequate rest, exercise, and balance work and play.
    5. Share your feelings. A conversation with a friend lets you know that you are not the only one having a bad day, caring for a sick child or working in a busy office. Stay in touch with friends and family. Let them provide love, support and guidance. Don’t try to cope alone.
    6. Lower demands you put on yourself. Live for today. Don’t dwell in the past of worry about the future.
    7. Develop other interests that will help you forget about your problems for a while. Sports work for some people, reading, exercising or socializing for others.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:20 |显示全部楼层
    Carnivorous Diet or Vegetarian Diet



    1. Human beings are a part of the food chain, and eating meat is natural. So then, how can eating meat be wrong?

    2. Humans are type of animal and eating meat is normal and simply a part of life.

    3. Animals provide essential protein for the human body. Protein is biologically essential, for every living creature needs a certain amount to survive.

    4. Vegetarians do not get enough minerals and vitamins as a result of their limited diet.

    5. It is hard enough for vegetarians to stay healthy in our technologically advanced society.

    6. Eating plats is also causing pain or discomfort to the plants. You only have to check out laboratory experiments that plants feel pain.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:20 |显示全部楼层
    Should Smoking Be Banned in All Public Places?
    Should Smoking Be Banned in All Public Places?



    1. Second-hand tobacco smoke can be deadly as well.
    2. Cigarette smoke contains about 4000 chemicals, about 50 of which are known cancer-causing agents .
    3. Only one smoker makes a majority, as the smoker spreads and fills all space available.
    4. Governments should pass law to protect people and place controls on actions that harm others.
    5. Damaging one’s health is viewed as a personal liberty; damaging some one else’s health may not.
    6. Smoking in public places constitutes a real hazard to non-smokers.
    7. Smoking endangers people’s health. Smokers are more likely to suffer from bronchitis and lung cancer and have a higher risk of developing other kinds of cancer.
    8. Smoking may pose a potential fire hazard for smokers are careless about the cigarette butts.
    9. Smoking may cause diseases such as cancers and bronchitis.
    10. For years cigarettes have been known to cause cancer, emphysema , and other horrible illnesses.
    11. Smoking not only does harm to the health of smokers but also affects the health of non-smokers around them because non-smokers are forced to take in some poisonous substances which smokers blow into the air.
    12. Families could save money by not purchasing cigarettes; and accidental fires costing millions of dollars caused by cigarettes would cease.
    13. With every cigarette you smoke, you are causing damage to your health.
    14. Every cigarette you smoke reduces your lifespan by 11 minutes.


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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:20 |显示全部楼层
    Littering/ Rubbish Problem



    Present Situation:

    1. The roads scattered with all sorts of trash are a disgrace and the railway line are littered with decaying rubbish.
    2. One third of all waste produced is made up of packaging materials.
    3. Litter attracts vermin , causes a fire hazard, pollutes waterways and detracts from the amenity of public parks and gardens.
    4. What we are doing now is wasteful of resources and unfriendly to the environment.
    5. People show an appalling disregard for the environment. They have no respect for the environment.
    6. We lack adequate facilities to dispose of rubbish of all kinds. For instance, not many dustbins are seen along streets.
    7. The quickening tempo of modern lifestyle also contributes partly to the increasing rubbish problem, because many people prefer takeaway fast food and the use of disposable items for the convenience’s sake.
    8. Disposable packaging and items become fashionable these days, from baby nappies to milk cartons to burger wrappers .
    9. We are now living in a consumer-oriented society.

    Solutions:

    1. Public activities should be sponsored by government to promote the public awareness of environmental protection. Make sure that everyone is a conscious preserver.
    2. Our government should take stronger and harsher measures to combat the littering behavior.
    3. Use environmentally-friendly materials.
    4. Minimally packaged goods should be encouraged.
    5. The rubbish should be classified scientifically so that the procedure can achieve high efficiency.
    6. People should learn to recycle. For instance, we should set up bins around town to collect glass, paper, and aluminum that can be converted back into raw materials, then made them into new products.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:20 |显示全部楼层
    How to Solve the Traffic Problem



    Present Situation and Cause:

    1. Every day there are many traffic jams everywhere, causing great inconveniences to people’s daily lives.
    2. Too many cars running on the streets lead to air pollution and noise pollution.
    3. There are more vehicles than the streets can accommodate.
    4. The construction of new roads is very slow.
    5. Many drivers do not obey regulation. People lack adequate awareness of the seriousness of traffic problem.

    Solutions:

    1. More and Wider roads should be laid down to relieve the traffic congestion .
    2. Build more underground railway and tunnels and underpass .
    3. Issue stricter traffic laws and regulations, impose more severe and harsher penalty on the violator .
    4. Raise the public awareness of the traffic regulations. Popularize the education of traffic regulations; improve the quality of the citizens.
    5. Build up better public transportation systems, including buses, trains and subway, will encourage more people to use them rather than drive their own cars.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:20 |显示全部楼层
    The Benefits of Bikes



    Benefits:

    1. Fitness: Biking let you incorporate low stress aerobic exercise into your daily commute.
    2. Parking: Forget about parking headache. Riding a bicycle lets you park much closer to your destination than a car.
    3. The environment benefits include reduced pollution and reduced resource consumption (less material, fuel, and infrastructure ).
    4. Bicycles increase mobility for those who don’t have access to motor transport (who don’t qualify to drive a car).
    5. Reduce energy consumption.
    6. One of the most positive impacts of bicycling is improved health.
    7. Moderate exercise such as bicycling can offer major health benefits.
    8. Beyond physical health, bicycling helps to relieve; to fight off depression and anxiety; and to enhance your sense of well-being.
    9. It is also a lot more economical to ride a bike than to drive a car.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:21 |显示全部楼层
    Learning by Reading



    1 读书可以培养交流能力

    段落大意:孩子们读书可以增强他们以后在学习和工作中的交流能力
    Reading skills are essential to success in society today. The ability to read is highly valued and very important for social and economic advancement. Instilling reading into a child’s life can prove to be one of the most valuable skills that they will ever learn. As a result from reading books, the child will be more likely to read and speak in front of people. This is a very marketable skill to have in the workforce and for school.

    2 读书对理解 社交 自信心的锻炼

    段落大意:读书可以增强人们的理解能力,社交能力,自信心。
    One of the effects that reading has on a person is the ability to understand more terms or words over a period of time. This is commonly referred to as comprehension. Reading can be a challenge but is one that must be met accordingly in order to succeed. Children who are successful readers tend to exhibit progressive social skills. Having confidence in reading only comes from the daily practice of reading. One good way to accomplish the task of reading is through books. Reading books can develop a person’s comprehension by learning new words. The easiest way to do this is to look up words in the dictionary that are not understood when they are first read. Writing these words down and reciting them aloud also help to establish them in memory. Incorporating these new words in everyday speaking will increase language skills and boost confidence of the speaker as well.

    3 读书对于词汇的扩充和语言的理解有重要作用

    段落大意:读书可以扩充人们的词汇量,增强人们对词汇的理解。
    The second effect that reading books has is vocabulary growth. Along the same lines of comprehension, the growth of vocabulary is also very important. Having a large vocabulary is not only impressive but also useful in many areas of public speaking. For example, many politicians say the same things over and over again, and to the untrained listener this might go on unnoticed. Their ability to do this comes largely from an extensive vocabulary base. Many different words have the same meaning, or as they are more commonly referred to are synonyms. Upon looking up a word in the dictionary one might be surprised to realize that they already know the definition of it. By cross-checking these words and learning the different synonyms to them, one’s vocabulary is being established. As a result of reading books over a period of time, a learning process is formed.
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:21 |显示全部楼层
    Public School or Private School



    1 私立学校的建立的必要性以及优势

    段落大意:私立学校的教育更容易为孩子们打下良好基础,无论是在他们的学习还是工作能力上。


    As time has gone by, Americans have increasingly paid more attention to the schooling process, trying harder all the time to get the best education possible for their children. As a result, more parents are turning from the public school systems to the private schools. This happens for several reasons. First, students that graduate from private schools tend to be better prepared for college. Second, private schools open up many opportunities to succeed in the business world. Last, private schools allow parents and students to decide which school will give students the best education. Overall, private schools offer a better education for high school students than public schools.

    2 社区学校的种种优势

    段落大意:教育被全社会都认为是很重要的事业。在社区建立学校,方便家长,便于学生交流。


    Many people in today’s society believe it’s wise to send their children to private schools. In making the decision on whether to put children in public or private schools, they look to four main factors: curriculum, class size, the graduation rate, and cost. When people have to pay for something, their first thought is, “Will I be getting what I’m paying for?” With a private school education, the amount you have to pay is usually well worth it. Here students can find people who are just like them and can associate better.
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    2018-11-9 10:30
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:21 |显示全部楼层
    What else should a school teach



    1 交流能力对现代企业的重要性

    段落大意:有效的交流是现代企业成功的一个必备因素(因此本题可以写到在学校里加强培养学生交流能力的重要性)。
    Effective communication is critical for the success of any organization. Through the use of proper communication skills, individuals will be better able to function as a group, thus allowing organizations to share information, to analyze situations and to set goals.


    2 交流能力对经济发展的重要性

    段落大意:交流是企业对抗来自国内外发展阻力的手段。
    In today’s turbulent economic environment and rapid technological change, communication is critical in allowing a business to deal with the restructuring of national and international economies, in preventing market saturation, and in allowing a business to deal with their competitors more effectively.


    3 学校教育对交流能力的重视和培养

    段落大意:各个大学已经开始注意交流培训的重要性。
    Oral communication skills have, in fact, been found to be the second most important job skill by the American Society of Personnel Administrators. Even business colleges have begun to recognize the importance of communication skills in business success and many have begun to offer their own communication classes.


    4 理财能力的培养

    段落大意:学生理财能力的培养以及发展,能让学生更加清楚的理解未来财产的状况以及规划。
    Money management is all about discipline and how we handle risk-that's, not overtrading, cutting your losses, and letting your profit run. In other words, money management is the process of analyzing trades for risk and potential profits, determining how much risk, if any, is acceptable and managing a trade position to control risk and maximize profitability. The importance of money management can best be shown through drawdown analysis which is simply the amount of money you lose in trading, expressed as a percentage of your total trading equity. Drawdown does not measure overall performance, only the money lost while achieving that performance. Its calculation begins only with a losing trade and continues as long as the account hits new equity lows.


    5 危机管理的能力

    段落大意:危机意识充斥着整个世界的经济发展领域,学生们应该学习危机管理的能力。
    Within the worldwide activities in the developing economical industry, many corporations are exposed to a number of risks that arise in the ordinary courses of their business. Risk management is therefore an integral part of our business processes and decisions, including corporate governance. Each operating unit or business entity is accountable for managing the risks associated with its regional or worldwide business. In general, the risk management policy is to take advantage of opportunities while taking on only those risks that are necessarily associated with creating economic value.

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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2013-1-10 18:21 |显示全部楼层
    School Uniform



    Pros

    • A school uniform makes it easier for the school authorities to recognize students belonging to their school. Authorities can also make out if someone doesn't belong to a school, if someone just manages to sneak in; unless, of course, they go through all the trouble of buying a uniform that fits!

    • A school uniform also saves the school administrators from having to 'police' what the students wear. There are no daily battles regarding what's appropriate to wear or not for school.

    • A school uniform apparently also saves students from putting their fashion tastes before their learning requirements. When they don't have to spend time wondering what to wear and how to make a fashion statement, they can devote more time to getting educated. This in turn, lifts their academic performance.

    • Wearing the same type of dress reduces social snobbery and peer pressure in educational institutions. It is also supposed to reduce incidents of bullying and theft. How do you pick on someone for wearing the same dress as yourself? Why would you steal a pair of shoes you both have and can afford? Thus there are fewer arguments, and following a dress code plays more of a balancing act.

    • School uniforms cramp the style of gang members. They have to recognize each other by names and faces instead of flaunting aggressively painted jackets, T-shirts with obscene messages, clunky jewelry, and things like that. Instead of 'my gang' and 'your gang', they also have to think in terms of 'our school'. It's a hard life. On the brighter side, it helps them to live another day and go on to survive in college.

    • A school uniform can instill a sense of discipline and community feeling. This naturally reduces incidents of violence. Students can come to school without worrying about personal safety. Teachers don't have to double as guards, and can concentrate on teaching.

    • By wearing a uniform dress code, students can find other means to showcase their creativeness.

    • At a very young age, school uniforms instill the spirit of teamwork and one feels proud to be a part of a school, if he/she represents the school for any occasion.

    • Most importantly, uniforms are cost-efficient, as parents do not have to spend on clothes for their children, thus benefiting them.

    Cons

    On the flip side, many parents have expressed concerns about:

    •School uniforms taking away students' freedom of expression and encroaching on their personal rights

    •Having religious dress codes foisted on their non-religious or different-religion children

    •Not having their religious dress codes followed or respected enough

    •Trying to get their children to make a political or moral statement

    •Expenses involved in purchasing the required uniform and accessories


    Some high schools require all students to wear school uniFORMs. Other high schools permit students to decide what to wear to school. Which of these two school policies do you think is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

    1 校服是学校在权威和秩序方面的体现

    段落大意:校服对昭显学校权威,维持学校秩序有着重要作用。
    Public schools have recently stepped up to their 'A' game around the country. For a while, dress codes have been implemented in private and parochial schools across the county. It wasn't until more recent that the issue was brought to discussion about a dress code in public schools. Uniforms serve a purpose to the schools that are adapting the change in attire. The uniform dress code has helped make private and parochial schools more prestigious for their organization and the results of it. Uniforms would be beneficial to the public school system because a lot of what the public school system is known for would be stopped because of the newly executed dress code.

    2 学校秩序的下滑,使得校服的规制十分重要

    段落大意:近年来学校的纪律在各方面都有所下滑,校服的规定有利于扭转这种局面。
    In recent years the face of public schools has changed drastically. Our schools were always intended to be a place where the students could go and learn in a safe and secure environment. Unfortunately for us, the times have changed; discipline, safety and security in our public schools have all fallen by the wayside. Today, our children are faced with the growing threat of violence and crime in their classrooms. In aspirations of bringing back the essential requirements for education in the classroom, numerous parents, teachers, and school officials have come to conclusion that requiring school uniforms is a clear-cut step in reversing the downward trend of our schools. The majority feel that school uniforms will help expedite the effort to guide our schools in the right direction. The implementation of school uniforms has the potential to help bring under control the disciplinary problems found in our schools, and it can do so in many ways.
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    发表于 2013-1-13 09:33 |显示全部楼层
    Pretty good !! Thanks dude!  :)
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