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雅思口语“比较类”答题技巧,一步到位直取高分

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  • TA的每日心情
    擦汗
    2018-11-19 08:44
  • 签到天数: 589 天

    [LV.9]以坛为家II

    发表于 2018-7-7 10:00 |显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式
    雅思精准核心预测

       “比较类”问题是口语第三部分中比较高频的考题,这类问题看似容易回答,但是学生的答案往往会忽略这类问题的核心结构,导致丢分。

      首先我们来看一下这类问题的常见提问方式:

      1. Do men and women like the same hobbies?

      2. How are magazines different from newspapers?

      3. Are schools nowadays the same as in the past?

      4. Do shops change a lot in recent years?

      相信同学们已经看出来了,12题是两个事物进行比较,34题是一个事物自身进行前后比较,但无论是两个事物还是一个事物,我们都可以用一套方法解决。

      下面再来看一道例题以及一名中国考生的答案:

      Q:Do men and women like the same hobbies?

      No, I think men and women like different hobbies.

      Men like playing computer games, or doing sports activities such as football and basketball. However, women like watching TV, shopping, going to a karaoke bar and chatting on line.

      不难看出,这位考生的答案质量并不高,但是如果问同学们这个答案不好在哪里,相信大部分同学都会说出“答案短,单词一般,语法简单”等理由,但闫春伟老师分析到这名考生的答案的致命弱点是答案的结构。

      同学如果仔细分析上面的答案,会发现男人的爱好有两个,而女人的爱好有四个,所以表面看上去这位考生进行了对比,但实际上他只是进行了罗列,而没有做到真正意义上的对比。那么到底应该怎么回答呢?同学们可以看一下闫春伟老师给出的答案样本:

      Well, certainly there are a few differences.

      The first difference is the outdoor activities. I mean, men are fond of doing sports activities like football and basketball. In contrast, women prefer going shopping for clothes or shoes.

      Another distinction is the TV programs they watch. For instance, men are quite into action movies. By comparison, women are more likely to watch soap operas.

      这个答案样本和上面那位同学的答案相比,最大的优势就在于答案的结构,也就是说对比的层次很清晰,一目了然。这类问题的答题技巧其实并不难,用一句话概括就是“针对性对比”。也就是说我们要先说出不同点,即对比的“靶子”,然后再进行具体的比较。

      我们再来看两道例题:

      例1:.How are magazines different from newspapers?

      杂志和报纸的不同点其实有很多,我们可以稍微列举一下:

      内 容:interesting VS boring

      读 者:young VS old

      价 格:expensive VS cheap

      周 期:weekly or monthly VS daily

      同学们答题的时候不用把所有的不同点都说出来,挑选一两个典型的就好,闫春伟老师建议大家“哪个好说选哪个”。答案样本:

      Well, of course several differences can be found

      The biggest difference, I suppose, is the content. Usually, a magazine is quite entertaining because it includes colorful pictures or interesting stories. On the contrary, the information on a newspaper is a little boring.

      In addition, the price is also different. Normally a copy of newspaper will cost you 1 or 2 yuan, but you need to spend 15 or 20 yuan on a magazine.

      例2:Are schools nowadays the same as in the past?

      现在的学校和以前的学校不同点同样有很多,例如:

      大 小:small VS large

      设 施:traditional VS modern

      课 程:a few VS many

      师 资:low VS high

      我们同样还是“哪个好说选哪个”,比如:

      Well, of course there are a few differences.

      The most obvious difference should be the facilities. I mean, in the past, all we got were the blackboard and chalks. By contrast, today’s school will provide students with advanced teaching facilities like the multi-media and well-equipped labs.

      Moreover, a further distinction is the courses. Decades ago, students only had to learn a few subjects and the content was easy, but nowadays students’ pressure has been largely increased because they have to deal with 7 or 8 subjects at the same time.

      总之,记住“针对性对比”这句话,“比较类”问题我们就可以迎刃而解了。最后祝同学们能够早日攻克雅思,圆自己的留学梦!更多内容请关注新东方在线。



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