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雅思小作文混合图考官范文:水库发电

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  • TA的每日心情
    擦汗
    2018-7-18 08:34
  • 签到天数: 509 天

    [LV.9]以坛为家II

    发表于 2018-7-11 10:41 |显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式
    雅思精准核心预测

      The diagram shows how electricity is generated by a hydroelectric dam.Write a 150-word report for a university lecturer explaining how the process works.



      参考范文

      The diagram illustrates the basic principles of hydroelectric power. The process requires the construction of a large dam connected to a powerhouse. The dam creates a large reservoir and the powerhouse is where the electricity is generated.

      First of all, water trapped in the reservoir behind the dam is forced through an intake. It then flows into a narrow chamber called a penstock, where the resulting high pressure turns a turbine. The turbine is connected to a generator in the powerhouse above, and this is where the movement of the turbine is converted into electricity. The resulting electricity leaves the powerhouse via cables that carry it over long distances to where it can be used.

      It is interesting to note that a hydroelectric dam creates no harmful byproducts and relies entirely on natural forces to produce electricity. After the turbine stage, water flows out through a second channel and into a river. The process is renewable, thanks to the water cycle in nature.



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