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万圣节是纪念爱伦·坡最好的时刻

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  • TA的每日心情
    难过
    2018-10-19 08:36
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    [LV.9]以坛为家II

    发表于 2018-9-21 09:53 |显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式
    雅思精准核心预测
    I'm Steve Ember. And I'm Faith Lapidus with PEOPLEIN AMERICA from VOA Special English. Today, wetell about Edgar Allan Poe, a nineteenth centuryAmerican writer. His stories and poems were some ofthe most frightening and strange ever written. Americans celebrate Halloween on October thirty-first. It is mostly a holiday for children, who like tobe frightened. Yet many grown people observe Halloween, too. Those who love the writingsof Edgar Allan Poe think Poe is most famous for his stories and poems of strangeness, mysteryand terror.
    Edgar Allan Poe died in the city of Baltimore, Maryland in eighteen forty-nine. Now, in that city, an unusual party takes place every Halloween. In the dark of night, visitors go to the groundsof Westminster Presbyterian Church where Poe is buried. Everything is quiet. Then a voice callsout. It is Poe! No, it is just an actor, reading Poe's work. Reading stories was one of the mostimportant forms of enjoyment in Edgar Allan Poe's time. Poe created many of these "shortstories." They appeared in different publications. Horror stories already were popular when Poebegan writing. Critics say he wrote the perfect horror story. Poe also wrote detective stories. These were mysteries about crimes, such as murder. An investigator called a detective solvesthe mysteries. The detective is able to find important, hidden meanings in facts. The horrorand detective stories Poe created remain popular in books and movies.
    Edgar Allan Poe's work is not easy to read. His language is difficult to understand today. Andmost of his writing describes very unpleasant situations and events. His story "The Pit and thePendulum," for example, is about the mental torture of a prisoner. Each time the prisonersaves himself from death, a new and more horrible form of death threatens him. Another storyis "The Masque of the Red Death." In it, a terrible disease -- the Red Death -- has killed half thepopulation of a country. The ruler of the country shuts his castle against the disease. He andhis wealthy friends are inside. They pass the time by having parties. They believe the RedDeath will not find them. But it does.
    Edgar Poe was born in eighteen-oh-nine in Boston, Massachusetts. His parents were actors. Atthat time, actors were not accepted by the best society. Edgar was a baby when his father leftthe family. He was two years old when his mother died. He was taken into the home of awealthy businessman, John Allan. He then received his new name -- Edgar Allan Poe. John Allannever officially made Edgar his son. In fact, he came to dislike him strongly. Edgar attendedschools in England and in Richmond, Virginia. As a young man, he attended the University ofVirginia in Charlottesville. He was a good student. He was a member of the Jefferson LiterarySociety. But he liked to drink alcohol and play card games for money. Edgar was not a goodplayer. He lost money he did not have.
    John Allan refused to pay Edgar's gambling losses. He also refused to let Edgar continue at theuniversity. So, Edgar went to Boston and began working as a writer and editor for monthlymagazines. He also served in the army for two years. Edgar Allan Poe worked hard. He becamea successful editor. He published three books of poetry. He also began writing stories. Five ofhis stories were printed in a publication in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in eighteen thirty-two. Yethe was not well paid. His life was difficult. He was poor, and he was troubled by sicknesses ofthe body and mind. Poe suffered from depression. He feared he was insane. He drank alcoholto escape his fears. The alcohol had a very bad effect on him.
    In eighteen thirty-five, Poe began editing the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond, Virginia. The following year, at the age of twenty-seven, he married Virginia Clemm. She wasthe daughter of his father's sister. She was only thirteen years old. Poe and his wife movedoften as he found work at magazines and newspapers in Philadelphia and New York. For a time, it seemed that Poe would find some happiness. But his wife was sick for most of their marriage. She died in eighteen forty-seven. After his wife's death, Poe's problems with alcohol increased. He died two years later, at the age of forty. He was found dead in Baltimore after days of heavydrinking. Through all his crises, Edgar Allan Poe produced many stories, poems, and works ofcriticism. Some of his stories won prizes. Yet he did not become famous until eighteen forty-five. That was when his poem "The Raven" was published.
    There is no question that Poe suffered from emotional problems. One critic said Poe's spiritwas torn. He said Poe's stories were often about his own divided nature. Each person in hisstories showed a different side of the writer. There is a question, however, about Poe'simportance. Some critics said he was one of America's best writers. Others disagreed. Onecritic said Poe discovered a new artistic universe -- a universe of dreams. It was a placewhere the line between reality and unreality is extremely thin. Even those who praised Poeagreed that there are many difficulties in his work. These difficulties place Poe's writing outsidethe main body of American literature. Most American writing is realistic. Poe's interests andway of writing were not realistic at all.
    Poe's work has been praised most in France. He had a great influence on many French writers. Poe's best-known poem is "The Raven." Some people love it. They say it is like music. Othershate it. They say it sounds forced and unnatural -- like bad music. "The Raven" is about a manwhose great love, Lenore, has died. She is gone forever. But the man cannot accept that allhappiness is gone. He sits alone among his books late at night. He hears a noise at the window.

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