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雅思口语part3话题范文:Decision making

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    2019-1-25 14:59
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    [LV.9]以坛为家II

    发表于 2019-1-18 10:27 |显示全部楼层 | 阅读模式
    雅思精准核心预测

          大家准备的雅思口语Part3话题范文:Decision making。希望能给准备雅思口语的同学提供帮助~

      1. What skills are necessary when making decisions?

      关于decision-making的话题,以及关于skills的问题在part 3当中并不算少见,因此同学们还是需要多加注意,平时要多多积累语料。

      这个题目在回答的过程当中,同学们容易陷进“skills”的陷阱当中去,很多同学对于skills这个单词的理解非常的狭隘,认为只有“技术性”、“技能性”的才能叫做skills,其实,只要是和能力相关,只要是表示“能做什么样的事情”,都可以用skills这个词来表达。比如雅思听力当中就常常出现writing skills和study skills这种表达,这个时候我们就不一定非要僵硬地把这个词组理解成“写作/学习技能”,而是直接说“写作/学习能力”更好一些。

      更何况,在一个雅思口语part 3的答案中,流利的应对非常重要,相比较于花时间去纠结skills到底指的是什么,更明智的做法显然是联系decision-making的过程,描述这个当中需要的能力。

      具体来说,做决定的时候,我们需要搜集信息,需要跟他人沟通讨论,有时候甚至需要坚持自己的主张(assert my opinions)或者控制情绪,这些都可以作为答案内容。

      Making decisions is a complex process, which might involve a great many skills. For starters, the ability of collecting facts and figures is essential, because the first step of making a decision is to get a whole understanding of the relevant information. Sometimes, we need to be computer-literate to look up information on the Internet. Secondly, we shall be able to do some data analysis so that we can make a wise decision. In addition, we need to keep calm inside, even when it is an urgent situation and we are asked to make prompt decisions, otherwise we might decide on something and regret it quite soon. Finally, a good decision-maker should be able to control his own mood and never get emotional, since we are not likely to make a good decision when we are thrilled, furious or anxious. So to sum up, there are plenty of necessary skills when making a decision. Sometimes we are not even aware of them.

      2. How can people improve their decision-making skills?

      这个题目的回答思路其实还是比较广的,我们可以将此题和上一题联系起来(很多时候考官确实会把这样的两道题目连着问),那么此时我们就应该从上一题的答案出发,具体讲解如何提高搜集信息的能力,如何提高分析数据的能力等等,这是一个思路;

      另一方面,我们可以考虑从宽泛的地方入手,讲一个“放之四海而皆准”的答案(比如今天的示范答案),具体内容方面就是锻炼能力的通常途径:练习。考生不必担心这样“放之四海而皆准”的答案内容会不会让考官误以为在背答案,因为这个内容对应该问题并不牵强,同时还很实际。我们只要注意回答的时候要自然一些就好了。

      I think people can improve their decision-making skills the way they do to improve all other skills – by learning and practising. If someone feels that he is not good at making decisions, the first thing he might have to do is to observe – to find out how others will react when it comes to a similar circumstance. The second step is to compare and contrast. By doing this, people can have a clear understanding of the strong points and the weakness in their decision-making process, so that they could make a progress. The key point of improving the decision-making skills lies in practice. Just like everything, decision-making skills could get strengthened only when we put them into reality. Provided we keep training ourselves in this way, we can all become wise and responsible decision-makers.

      3. Do parents in China allow their children to make important decisions about the future?

      这种“中国/你们国家现状”的问题其实是最好回答的,因为这样的现状一定是很复杂的,不能一概而论的。因此,考生完全可以根据自己的回答特征和优势有选择性地給出答案。

      比如这个题目,可以说yes,当然也可以说no,当然更可以说两者兼而有之,具体怎么操作,可以看考生擅长往哪个方面发挥。并且,建议考生根据这种“in your country / in China”如何如何的题目,准备好一个框架,可以是it depends on…,或者it varies…,接着说因为各地的情况、各个阶层的情况都不一样,最后再详细讲自己看到的、自己了解到的情况是怎样的,这样的答案层次感也比较好。

      Well, it’s unlikely to simply say yes or no to this question, since things differ enormously in different families. Some parents allow their children to make almost every decision about the future, from what major to choose, to what kind of person to marry. These are so-called “open-minded” or “enlightened” parents. They are also the popular ones. Children all dream of having this kind of parents and those who do have, are often very proud, confident and independent. However, there are some other parents, who act in a totally opposite way. They feel that they could not trust their children to make any decision, let alone important ones. They are overprotective parents, and without knowing it, they might even ruin their children’s life in the name of “love”. It’s actually very terrible. To me, one of the greatest jobs of a parent is to teach the children how to make decisions on their own, so that children can grow up as mature, responsible adults.

      4. How do you think computers will change the way people make decisions?

      其实这个问题放在这里合适,放在跟电脑相关的part 3的问题当中也合适,考生可以考虑从“电脑”或者是“做决定”两个方面来入手回答这个问题,电脑給人们带来的所有的影响,都可以在做决定上面体现出来,比如,电脑可以大大加快人们的工作效率,电脑可以让人们了解很多的信息,这些当然都会从某种程度上影响、改变人们做决定的方式,甚至做的决定本身;如果我们从另一个方面入手,做决定这个过程包含很多,比如搜集信息等步骤,这些步骤会如何受到电脑的影响?这些都是可以表达的内容。

      Computer can change how people make decisions thoroughly, as they do in every other aspect of people’s life. For example, they may accelerate the decision-making process because with a computer, people can deal with information much faster. Also, people who are used to working on a computer might have changed fundamentally so that they could make totally different decisions from those made by previous generations, even when they are under similar circumstances. However, it’s not always a good thing to have a computer beside us when making decisions, for the information online is sometimes excessive and highly debatable. Computers, can mess up the decision-making process by offering too much unreliable, confusing information.

      语言点解析:

      complex: 复杂的

      computer-literate:懂电脑的

      keep calm:保持冷静

      prompt:及时的,迅速的

      observe:观察

      compare and contrast:比较对比

      key point:关键点

      lie in:存在于

      provided:如果,只要

      open-minded:开明的

      enlightened:有见识的,没有偏见的

      overprotective:过度保护的

      in the name of:以某人/某事的名义

      accelerate:加速

      excessive:过度的

      debatable:有争议的



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